- Provides in depth coverage and techniques for pediatric cardiac CT and its clinical utilization
- Covers the role of pediatric cardiac CT in preoperative and postoperative evaluation of congenital heart disease
- Investigates the use of pediatric cardiac CT images for three-dimensional modelling and three-dimensional printing in the surgical preparation of patients with complex congenital heart disease
- Details pediatric cardiac CT image fusion to fluoroscopy to guide cardiac catheterization in patients with complex congenital heart disease
This book serves as a comprehensive guide to pediatric cardiac computed tomography (CT), particularly for patients with congenital heart disease.
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of congenital abnormalities (8/1000 of live births). Over the past two decades, the diagnostic medical approach has significantly changed with a considerable increase in the number of CT studies in pediatric patients.
Preoperative surgical or interventional planning for children with CHD remains crucial and challenging, but despite this and the advancement in the development of new CT techniques and radiation dose reduction methods, there are limited books addressing pediatric cardiac CT.
This work fills that gap by offering a complete look at the techniques and clinical utilization for pediatric cardiac CT with liberal use of images. The text begins with overarching themes of pediatric cardiac CT, like its advantages and techniques, and moves into covering different areas of the heart and possible presentations, like atrioventricular connections and cardiac tumors. Each chapter begins with a short introduction section followed by preoperative and postoperative cardiac CT imaging, management approach, and short-term and long-term outcomes.
This book also describes the novel technologies being used for three-dimensional modelling and three-dimensional printing in the surgical preparation of patients with complex congenital heart disease. This book is the first to address pediatric cardiac CT image fusion to fluoroscopy to guide cardiac catheterization in patients with complex congenital heart disease. Radiation dose reduction during cardiac catheterization is also an important part of diagnostic and interventional cardiac catheterization that is covered in detail. The book concludes with an overarching look of the role cardiac CT plays in the pre- and post-operative evaluation of congenital heart disease in children.
This book is an ideal guide for pediatric radiologists, pediatric cardiologists, pediatric cardiothoracic surgeons, related trainees, and any physician interested in advanced cardiac imaging.Table of Contents
- 1. Advantages of Cardiac CT Scan over Other Diagnostic Techniques
- 2. Techniques of Cardiac CT Scan: Patient Preparation, Contrast Medium, Scanning and Postprocessing
- 3. Evaluation of Cardiac Malposition, Cardiac Segmental Approach, and Heterotaxy Syndrome
- 4. Systemic Venous Anomalies
- 5. Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connections and Cor
- 6. Septal Defects: Atrial Septal Defects, Ventricular Septal Defects, Atrioventricular Septal Defects, and Unroofed Coronary Sinus
- 7. Atrioventricular Valves: Tricuspid
- 8. Atrioventricular Valves: Congenital Mitral Valve Abnormalities
- 9. Atrioventricular Connections: Double Inlet Ventricle, Atrioventricular Discordance, Congenitally Corrected Transposition of Great Arteries
- 10. Right Ventricular Outflow Tract: Pulmonary Valve Stenosis
- 11. Right Ventricular Outflow Tract: Pulmonary Atresia with Intact Ventricular Septum
- 12. Right Ventricular Outflow Tract: Pulmonary Valve Atresia, Ventricular Septal Defect, Major Aortopulmonary Collateral Arteries
- 13. Right Ventricular Outflow Tract: Tetralogy of Fallot
- 14. Right Ventricular Outflow Tract: Absent Pulmonary Valve Syndrome
- 15. Left Ventricular Outflow Tract: Congenital Aortic Valve and Left Ventricular Outflow Anomalies
- 16. Left Ventricular Outflow Tract: Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome
- 17. Double Outlet Right Ventricle
- 18. Dextro-Transposition of Great Arteries
- 19. Truncus Arteriosus
- 20. Anomalous Aortic Origin of Pulmonary Arteries
- 21. Anomalous Coronary Arteries
- 22. Aneurysm of the Sinus of Valsalva, Aorta-Left Ventricle Tunnel
- 23. Aortopulmonary Window
- 24. Aortic Arch Anomalies: Coarctation of Aorta and Aortic Arch Hypoplasia
- 25. Aortic Arch Anomalies: Aortic Arch Interruption
- 26. Vascular Rings and Slings
- 27. Cardiac Tumors
- 28. Cardiac Computed Tomography after Single Ventricle Palliation
- 29. Cardiac Computed Tomography in Evaluation of Ventricular Function
- 30. Role of Cardiac CT in Pre-operative and Post-operative Evaluation of Congenital Heart Defects in Children
- 31. Non-cardiac Findings of Cardiac CT