- Nominated as an outstanding PhD thesis by the Italian National Institute of Nuclear Physics and the University of Trieste
- Makes important contribution to the optimization of x-ray tomography using synchrotron radiation
- Adds to the weight of evidence supporting the transition of phase contrast imaging from synchrotrons to hospitals
X-ray imaging is a corner stone of breast cancer diagnosis. By exploiting the phase shift of X-rays rather than their attenuation, phase-contrast tomography has the potential to dramatically increase the visibility of small and low contrast features, thus leading to better diagnosis.
This thesis presents research on the first synchrotron-based project developing a clinical phase-contrast breast computed tomography (CT) setup at Elettra, the Italian Syncrotron Radiation Facility. This book includes a comprehensive theoretical background on propagation-based phase-contrast imaging, exploring and extending the most recent image formation models. Along with theory, many practical implementation and optimization issues, ranging from detector-specific processing to setup geometry, are tackled on the basis of a large number of experimental evidences.
Most of the modelling results and data analysis have general validity, being a valuable framework for optimization of phase-contrast setups. Results obtained at synchrotron are also compared with "real world" laboratory sources: both a first-of-its-kind comparison with one of the few hospital breast CT systems and a state-of-the-art implementation of monochromatic phase-contrast micro-tomography with a conventional rotating anode source are presented. On a more general level, this work sheds a light on the importance of synchrotron-based clinical programs, which are key to trigger the long-anticipated transition of phase-contrast imaging from synchrotrons to hospitals.Table of Contents
- Physics of Propagation-based X-ray Tomography.-
- Propagation-based Breast CT and SYRMA-3D Project.-
- Detector and Pre-processing.-
- Experimental Optimization of Propagation-based BCT.-
- Three-Dimensional Imaging: A Clinically Oriented Focus.-
- Do We Need Clinical Applications in Synchrotrons?.-