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The Evolutionary Basis of Strabismus and Nystagmus in Children


BRODSKY --- Neuerscheinung!!

The Evolutionary Basis of Strabismus and Nystagmus in Children
Landmark Essays

246 Seiten, 1. Auflage, 2021
56 Abbildungen

  • Comprehensive collection and discussion of essays that define the pathogenesis of common forms of pediatric strabismus and nystagmus
  • Includes 20 previously published essays with new detailed discussion at the end of each essay
  • Authored by a world-renowned expert in the cross-section of neurology and ophthalmology
  • Written with focused interest for pediatric ophthalmologists and neuro-ophthalmologists
This text is a comprehensive collection and discussion of scientific essays that define the pathogenesis of common forms of pediatric strabismus and nystagmus in terms of their common evolutionary mechanisms. The goal of this book is to assemble these essays, to provide a definitive source for current clinicians to use along with follow up comments to help direct future scientific research in the field of pediatric ophthalmology.

This book includes 20 original essays written by Michael C. Brodsky which mechanistically explain and unify such enigmatic conditions such as infantile esotropia, latent nystagmus, primary oblique muscle overreaction action, dissociated vertical divergence, infantile nystagmus, and intermittent exotropia in terms of ancestral evolutionary reflexes which become expressed in different ways to generate these disorders.

This collection of essays is posed to become a classic reference, providing the necessary neurological framework for contextualizing unique ocular motor disorder and understanding the evolutionary mechanisms responsible for their development in early childhood.

Written with focused interest for pediatric ophthalmologists and neuro-ophthalmologists, this reference will also find audience with ophthalmologists, neurologists, evolutionary biologists, and neuroscientists.

Table of Contents
  • 1: Introduction.
  • 2: Dissociated Vertical Divergence: A Righting Reflex Gone Wrong.
  • 3: DVD Remains a Moving Target
  • 4: Primary Inferior Oblique Overaction: The Brain Throws a Wild Pitch.
  • 5: Do You Really Need Your Oblique Muscles? Adaptations and Exaptations.
  • 6: Latent Nystagmus: Vestibular Nystagmus with a Twist.
  • 7: Dissociated Vertical Divergence: Perceptual Consequences of the Human Dorsal Light Reflex.
  • 8: Visuo-Vestibular Eye Movements: Infantile Nystagmus in Three Dimensions.
  • 9: Does Infantile Esotropia Arise from a Dissociated Deviation.
  • 10: The Lizard's Tail: An Ocular Allegory.
  • 11: The Accessory Optic System: The Fugitive Visual Control System in Infantile Strabismus.
  • 12: The Optokinetic Cover Test: Subcortical Optokinesis in Infantile Esotropia.
  • 13: An Expanded View of Infantile Esotropia: Bottoms Up!
  • 14: A Unifying Neurologic Mechanism for Infantile Nystagmus.
  • 15: An Optokinetic Clue to the Pathogenesis of Infantile Esotropia.
  • 16: Intermittent Exotropia and Accommodative Esotropia: Two Ends of a Spectrum?
  • 17: Is Infantile Esotropia Subcortical in Origin?
  • 18: Phoria Adaptation: The Ghost in the Machine.
  • 19: Monocular Nasotemporal Asymmetry: Unravelling the Mystery.
  • 20: Intermittent Exotropia: A Deficit in Phoria Adaptation?


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